AREAS WHERE WE WORK (THEMES OF WORK)
1. BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF
- Monitoring of genetic resource losses/erosion and highlighting of endangered species.
- In-situ conservation.
- Ex-situ conservation
- Conventional Propagation Systems.
- In-vitro micro-propagation systems.
- Germplasm/Collection storage, exchange and management
- Training – The capacity for training in the conservation of biodiversity using conventional and biotechnology techniques are available
2. DOMESTICATION OF IMPORTANT PLANT AND ANIMAL SPECIES
The continuous harvest of some plants from the wide without corresponding planting or replacement could endanger such plants, particularly rare, endangered, lesser-known crops. Also, the search for bush meat has often led to indiscriminate burning of bush, and consequently ecological disaster.
- BCN has capacity for the domestication strategies of Snail rearing, Cane rat (Grass cutter) rearing, Rabbit rearing, Bee keeping, Mushroom cultivation
- Other endangered animal rearing
- Domestication and propagation of medicinal plants and other economic species, especially edible types
- Training and Research support
3. AGRICULTURE: EMPHASIS ON SUSTAINABLE FOOD
- Sustainable food production.
- Organic food production
- Reduction of external inputs such as fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides.
- Harnessing organic manure source through integrated farming systems.
- Integrated Pest Management (1PM).
- Compatible land preparation practices.
- Off season fadama production systems to reduce pressure on uncultivated economic plants in the wild
- Cropping systems innovations, such as integration of livestock in tree crop plantations, Agroforestry
- Food security programs through compound farms, school/training centre gardens.
- Research and training programs.
4. WASTE MANAGEMENT, RECYCLE AND UTILISATION
- Information System for Waste Utilization e.g (Development of Waste Management Information System)
- Waste separation techniques.
- Waste collection and bulking
- Waste processing and recycle
- Composting for farm use
- Utilization of processed waste
- Biogas technology/waste for fuel
- Research and training.
*Note that efficient utilization of waste will reduce environmental pollution and consequently improve and sanitize the environment.
5. ENVIRONMENTAL BEAUTIFICATION/LANDSCAPING
Our cities are bare without plants. They are crammed up with buildings and are therefore predisposed to the detrimental effect of environmental hazard. It is also necessary to improve the aesthetic value through some municipal flower planting and park development for relaxation. Selected trees planted along some major roads and streets will not only improve the aesthetic value but will act as wind break and will aid in the conservation of biodiversity of species. We have expertise to deliver in the following areas:
- Flower gardens and park construction.
- Efficient management of existing features. Urban tree garden
- Rehabilitation of ornamental gardens.
- Botanical gardens.
- Landscaping, grassing stadia and road verges etc.
- Creation of awareness
6. ECOLOGICAL DISASTER PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT
- Management systems for the control of indiscriminate bush burning through
- Diagnosis of the cause, and
- Amelioration of the hazard.
- Afforestation programme against desertification. The desertification of rain forest is advancing at a rapid rate. For example, the northern part of Delta State, supposedly to be in rainforest belt is characterized by grassland, gully erosion and soil degradation.
- Urban and community forestry for the creation of conducive microclimate.
- Environment pollution control and management (air, water, soil, etc.).
- Erosion prevention and control
- Soil conservation techniques.
- Watershed management
- Community involvement
- Legal framework
- Research and training components
7. ENVIRONMENT EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD
- Anti-pollution education programmes
- Food handling (from processing to consumption)
- The benefits of improved environment
- Harnessing natural water resources.
- Indigenous knowledge integration in environment management.
- Extension services for a feed back.
- Efficient resource utilisation.
8. WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION
- Development of water sources
- Water Storage and Treatment (purification).
- Water Lifting and Transport
- Health and Sanitation in Water applications and use.
- Strategies for sustainable rural and urban water supply.
- Management of water-based infrastructures.
- Economics and Evaluation of projects
9. ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA)
- River pollution sources and pollutants (including concentrations).
- Charges in natural climatic systems due to changes in human activities.
- Effect of continuous use of fertilizer and other agricultural chemical on biodiversity of animals and plants.
- Microclimatic changes due to the presence or absence of shade trees in urban and rural communities.
- Plant and animal distributions in different ecosystems.
- Underground water pollution.
- Influence of efficient waste recycle and management
- Revenue generation from parks.
- Influence of controlled bush burning, and soil conservation practices on forest regeneration and biodiversity of species.
- Influence of environmental education on health living.
- Changes in industrial safety through training and legal framework.
- School Horticultural Program. (Environmental rehabilitation of Schools, Colleges and training centres).
Training and Research in Environment Impact Assessment.
10. ENVIRONMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS (EIS)
- Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
- Environment Management Information Systems (EMIS)
- Computer simulation and applications in environment management.
- Environment data-base management
- Training and research in GIS.
11. ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY AND SUSTAINABLE TOILETS
The skill for constructing environmentally – friendly toilet is available. It is designed to reduce the pollution of underground water significantly and the waste can be recycled for agricultural purposes. It is not risky for use. The shelf life of the sustainable toilet is longer and the cost compares very well with that of pit toilet.
12. FOOD AND DRUGS
- Food handling, processing and preservation.
- Quality Control and Assurance.
- Food and Drugs Laws and Standards:
Nigeria’s Food and Drugs Legislation.
The Codex Alimentarus (International Food Laws)
The Food Legislation Systems of Nigeria’s Trading Partners.
- Food packaging
- Food Marketing and Distribution
- Waste Management in Food Processing.
- Food Industries and the Environment
- Creation of awareness
- Research and Training
13. ANALYSIS OF FOOD, DRUGS, WATER, OTHER NATURAL
RESOURCE AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS
- Physical methods.
- Chemical methods
- Biochemical methods
- Micro biological methods.
- Organoleptic methods
- Training and Creation of awareness.
14. PEST CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT
- We approach pest control through Integrated Pest Management (1PM) for
Industrial, Household, Crop Plantation, Livestock, Forests, others.
- Research and training.
15. INDUSTRIAL SAFETY
- Legal commitment of employers and employees.
- Protective tools and equipment for employees.
- Employer – Employee relations on industrial safety.
- Education and Training.
- Sustainable shelter
- Planning and design for rural and urban locations.
- Alternative inputs.